For the vast majority of human history, archeological and anthropological research indicates that women were not specially oppressed.
The word “democracy” comes from the Greek words “demos”—the people—and “kratos”—rule, and therefore means “rule of the people.” As a political form, it is commonly understood as majority rule.
Oppression and exploitation are basic features of capitalist society. Workers are paid wages while the capitalist owners make profits from the products created by those who work. This is the essence of economic exploitation.
Since the beginning of recorded history, people have been striving to answer essential questions about nature and human society. In earlier times, almost all events in nature were attributed to divine beings or a godlike ...
Why do workers have to struggle just to survive while some have so much wealth? Who rules this society? Is it the rich? Is it the politicians?
When Karl Marx published “The Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844,” he set out to outline the process by which the capitalist mode of production exploits workers.
Within the framework of capitalist mythology, wealth and poverty are explained by psychology or individual personality traits. Rich people are rich by virtue of industriousness, hard work and conscientious saving.
The Marxist outlook is based on the irreconcilable conflict between the working class (the proletariat) and the ruling capitalist class (the bourgeoisie). But how do we determine which people belong to which class?
When people talk about “the state” in day-to-day conversation, they are usually referring to government agencies like civil services or any other service funded by taxes. But what is the state?